The Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Outdoor Spaces Attached to Residential Units

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Hızlı Erkılıç N., Durusoy Özmen E., Kararmaz Ö.

Online Journal of Art and Design, vol.10, no.1, pp.262-279, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: Online Journal of Art and Design
  • Journal Indexes: Art Source, Design & Applied Arts Index
  • Page Numbers: pp.262-279
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The COVID-19 pandemic-induced social distancing restrictions imposed in many cities of the world redefine common spatial behavior and everyday life. In this context, some of the current debate topics focus on the need for hybrid spaces in the urban fabric, while some concentrate on the necessity of the fragmentation of urban space. The motivation of this paper is to emphasize the potential of outdoor spaces as effective components of this duality. This study aims to reconceptualize the change of outdoor spaces by investigating their role and meaning during the pandemic. Depending on the conceptual framework developed by the criteria defining the relationship among outdoor spaces and social interaction, this paper clarifies how these spaces are perceived, evaluated and used by people. The new spatial behavior that has changed within the pandemic is investigated via selected study areas located in mixed-use and traditional residential settlements in Ankara, the capital of Turkey. The research data are obtained with the participation of 150 residents in total: a survey is conducted to 120 participants, and on-site observations and in-depth interviews are conducted to 30 participants. The results are digitized and represented with figures and schematic diagrams. The findings developed by qualitative and quantitative analyses contributed to the literature by revealing potential value regarding the intervention of outdoor spaces in the context of a holistic planning approach. This study can help determine what variables should be considered for future social interaction through outdoor spaces in the urban design framework.