Dielectrical properties of a novel porcelain produced from natural clay, waste glass and fly ash

Toplan H. O., Okutan M., Esmer K., Atalay Y., Yuruyen S., Tarcan E.

High Temperature Materials and Processes, vol.28, no.1-2, pp.55-65, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 1-2
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/htmp.2009.28.1-2.55
  • Journal Name: High Temperature Materials and Processes
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.55-65
  • Keywords: Dielectric properties, Fly ash, Porcelain, Waste glass
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


A novel porcelain was obtained by sintering 50% kaolinite clay, 25% waste glass and 25% fly ash (a byproduct of Turkey thermal power plant) at different temperatures of 1373-1523 K (1100-1250°C). The microstructure and phase changes on heating were studied using SEM and XRD techniques. Fly ash used in this study contributed towards development of anorthite (CaO.Al 2O3.2SiO2) phase by crystallization of melted glassy phase. In samples exposed to sintering for 5 hours in 1523 K, viscosity and porosity in the structure decreased when the glassy phase melted. Dielectric permittivity (real and imaginary), conductivity and tanδ as a function of temperature were analyzed at 10 KHz frequency. Samples exposed to sintering for 5 hours exhibit increased conductivity in the 200-260 ° C temperature range. This observation corresponds to the settlement of changeable cations in more stable octahedral sites during sintering. These results are significant in terms of usability of waste materials like waste glass and fly ash in obtaining new generation materials and in electric-electronic industry.