Comprehensive evaluation of two different inoculums in MFC with a new tin-coated copper mesh anode electrode for producing electricity from a cottonseed oil industry effluent


Taskan E., Ozkaya B., Hasar H.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRESS & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, vol.35, no.1, pp.110-116, 2016 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/ep.12207
  • Journal Name: ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRESS & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.110-116
  • Keywords: microbial fuel cell (MFC), kinetics, cottonseed oil industry, electrode material, power generation, MICROBIAL FUEL-CELL, RESPIRING BACTERIA, BIOFILM ANODE, WASTE-WATER, PERFORMANCE, GENERATION

Abstract

We evaluated a new electrode material for its capacity to generate electricity by using a cottonseed effluent in two microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Tin-coated copper (Sn-coating Cu) mesh and platinum-coated titanium were used as anode and cathode electrode materials, respectively. For a startup period that allowed slow-growing electro-active bacteria to form biofilms on the anode electrode, inoculums were supplied from anaerobic digester sludge (ADS) and estuary sediment (ES). The ADS-inoculated MFC successfully achieved maximum power density of 160 mW/m(2), whereas ES-inoculated MFC had a maximum power density of 59 mW/m(2). Maximum columbic efficiencies for ADS and ES were 12.8% and 5.6% and the corresponding COD removal efficiencies were 66.6% and 53.6%, respectively. A PCR-DGGE analysis showed that the anode surface in ADS-inoculated MFC has more groups of bacteria than that in ES-inoculated MFC. The kinetic performances of MFCs evaluated by using the Nernst-Monod equation showed that maximum current density (J(max)) increased to around 1.62 A/m(2) in the ADS-inoculated MFC and 1.06 A/m(2) in the ES-inoculated MFC. (c) 2015 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog, 35: 110-116, 2016