Comprehensive evaluation of two different inoculums in MFC with a new tin-coated copper mesh anode electrode for producing electricity from a cottonseed oil industry effluent


Taskan E., Ozkaya B. , Hasar H.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRESS & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, cilt.35, sa.1, ss.110-116, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 35 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/ep.12207
  • Dergi Adı: ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRESS & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.110-116

Özet

We evaluated a new electrode material for its capacity to generate electricity by using a cottonseed effluent in two microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Tin-coated copper (Sn-coating Cu) mesh and platinum-coated titanium were used as anode and cathode electrode materials, respectively. For a startup period that allowed slow-growing electro-active bacteria to form biofilms on the anode electrode, inoculums were supplied from anaerobic digester sludge (ADS) and estuary sediment (ES). The ADS-inoculated MFC successfully achieved maximum power density of 160 mW/m(2), whereas ES-inoculated MFC had a maximum power density of 59 mW/m(2). Maximum columbic efficiencies for ADS and ES were 12.8% and 5.6% and the corresponding COD removal efficiencies were 66.6% and 53.6%, respectively. A PCR-DGGE analysis showed that the anode surface in ADS-inoculated MFC has more groups of bacteria than that in ES-inoculated MFC. The kinetic performances of MFCs evaluated by using the Nernst-Monod equation showed that maximum current density (J(max)) increased to around 1.62 A/m(2) in the ADS-inoculated MFC and 1.06 A/m(2) in the ES-inoculated MFC. (c) 2015 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog, 35: 110-116, 2016