2nd International Conference/Workshop on the State-of-the-Art of ICM in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea: Immediate Needs for Research, Education / Training & Implementation, Muğla, Turkey, 14 - 18 October 2008, pp.135-146
As a historic coastal city and a commercial and cultural capital for nearly three thousand years, Istanbul has always had a direct connection with the seaside, where its citizens spent their daily lives. However, during the last decade, due to adjustment efforts for globalization and EU integration, Istanbul has exhibited a considerable restructuring of its social and physical environment. Direct foreign investments and land developments by the municipality intensify this process, especially along the coastal regions, since these are the most valuable parts of the city. This situation puts pressure on the city's coastal parts and affects redevelopment projects that are important for the quality of the urban environment regarding sustainability. Coastal regions within Istanbul have been reshaping under this conjuncture.