Effects of different distractor positions on the formation of expansion, stress and displacement patterns in surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion without pterygomaxillary disjunction: a finite element analysis study


Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10255842.2023.2170712
  • Journal Name: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, INSPEC, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Finite element analysis, surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion, transpalatal distractor, pterygomaxillary disjunction, palatal distractor positions
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.Skeletal orthopedic expansion of maxilla is accepted as a reliable method for the treatment of transverse maxillar deficiency in growing patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of different palatal distractor positions on the expansion, stress and displacement patterns of the structures of craniofacial complex in surgical assisted rapid maxillary expansion without pterygomaxillary disjunction (PTMD) with the help of finite element analysis(FEA). Four facial skeleton models with different distractor positions (first premolar, second premolar, first molar, second molar regions) were created. In all finite element models median and lateral osteotomies were performed, without PTMD. Stress distribution was evaluated after 5 mm activation of the transpalatal distraction in all models using the nonlinear solution method in FEA. Unilateral displacement(mm) and stress distribution(MPa) were measured in three directions (x, y, and z axes) of craniofacial and maxillofacial structures in the symmetrical finite element models. In all models, the unilateral transverse displacements of the anterior teeth were greater than those of the posterior teeth, and the greatest displacement was at the central incisor level. The greatest displacement values at the central incisor level, at the anterior nasal spine(ANS) and at the posterior nasal spine(PNS) levels was measured in Model-IV, III, II and I, respectively. Mean elemental stress(von Mises stress) in the medial pterygoid plate, screw and lateral pterygoid plate regions from highest to lowest was measured in Model-IV, III, II and I, respectively. The maxilla performed outward rotation and tipping movement in all models during the expansion period. Among the distractor positions, the second molar region was found to be the most advantageous one in terms of expansion pattern. Considering the patient’s anatomy and clinical conditions, placing the palatal distractor as posteriorly as possible will result in more effective maxillary expansion.