AUTOMATED GENERATION CONTROL OF MULTIPLE AREA ELECTRICAL SYSTEM WITH AN AVAILABILITY-BASED TARIFF PRICING SCHEME REGULATED BY WHALE OPTIMIZED FUZZY PID CONTROLLER


Hamodat Z., Cansever G.

International Journal Of Photoenergy, vol.2021, pp.1-13, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2021
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1155/2021/5596527
  • Title of Journal : International Journal Of Photoenergy
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-13

Abstract

In this research, a whale-optimized fuzzy PID controller was developed to manage automatic generation control in multiple-area electrical energy systems with an availability-based tariff (ABT) pricing scheme. The objective of this work is to minimize the power production costs, area control errors (ACEs), and marginal costs of the multiple-area electrical energy system with real-time load and frequency variation conditions. The generation of power, deviation of power in the tie line, and deviation of frequency of the interconnected three-area electrical energy system, including the hydrothermal steam power plant and gas power plant, will be measured and analyzed rigorously. Based on the output from the whale optimization, the fuzzy PID controller regulates the deviation of power in the tie line and the deviation of frequency of the interconnected three-area electrical energy system. The reliability and suitability of the proposed optimization, i.e., whale-optimized fuzzy PID controller, are investigated against already presented methods such as particle swarm optimization and genetic algorithms.