Non-aggregating zinc phthalocyanine sensitizer with bulky diphenylphenoxy donor groups and pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid anchoring group for coadsorbent-free dye-sensitized solar cells

YILDIZ B., Arslan B. S., Guzel E., NEBİOĞLU M., Mengeş N., ŞİŞMAN İ., ...More

SOLAR ENERGY, vol.226, pp.173-179, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 226
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.solener.2021.08.033
  • Journal Name: SOLAR ENERGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Environment Index, Geobase, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.173-179
  • Keywords: Dye-sensitized solar cell, Phthalocyanine, Pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid, 2,6-Diphenylphenoxy donor group, ORGANIC-DYES, PERFORMANCE, EFFICIENCY
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A novel unsymmetrical zinc phthalocyanine complex (PCA-ZnPc-3) containing six 2,6-diphenylphenoxy donor groups and pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid anchoring group has been synthesized and used as a sensitizer for dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The optical, electrochemical and photovoltaic characteristics were evaluated and compared with the dyes containing the same anchoring group and tert-butyl (PCA-ZnPc-1) or hexylsulfanyl (PCA-ZnPc-2) donor groups, developed by our group. The DSSC with PCA-ZnPc-3 exhibited a higher power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 2.04% as compared to that of PCA-ZnPc-1 (PCE = 1.74%) and PCA-ZnPc-2 (PCE = 1.89%). This enhancement in efficiency may be ascribed to the less dye aggregation and appropriate dye coverage. These results suggest that the incorporation of 2,6-diphenylphenoxy into pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid based zinc phthalocyanine sensitizers can improve photovoltaic performance of DSSCs.