Refractive outcomes of 20 eyes undergoing ICL implantation for correction of hyperopic astigmatism


Coskunseven E., Kavadarli I., ŞAHİN O. , Kayhan B., Pallikaris I.

Journal of Refractive Surgery, vol.33, no.9, pp.604-609, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.3928/1081597x-20170504-06
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Refractive Surgery
  • Page Numbers: pp.604-609

Abstract

Copyright © SLACK Incorporated.PURPOSE: To analyze 1-week, 1-month, and 12-month postoperative refractive outcomes of eyes that underwent ICL implantation to correct hyperopic astigmatism. METHODS: The study enrolled 20 eyes of patients with an average age of 32 years (range: 21 to 40 years). The outcomes of spherical and cylindrical refraction, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), vault, and angle parameters were evaluated 1 week, 1 month, and 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS: The preoperative mean UDVA was 0.15 ± 0.11 (decimal) (20/133 Snellen) and increased to 0.74 ± 0.25 (20/27 Snellen) postoperatively, with a change of 0.59 (decimal) (20/33.9 Snellen) (P < .0001), which was statistically significant. The preoperative mean CDVA was 0.74 ± 0.25 (decimal) (20/27 Snellen) and increased to 0.78 ± 0.21 (20/25 Snellen), with a change of 0.03 (decimal) (20/666 Snellen) (P < .052), which was not statistically significant. The mean preoperative sphere was 6.86 ± 1.77 diopters (D) and the mean preoperative cylinder was -1.44 ± 0.88 D. The mean 12-month postoperative sphere decreased to 0.46 ± 0.89 D (P < .001) and cylinder decreased to -0.61 ± 0.46 D (P < .001), with a change of 6.40 D, both of which were statistically significant. The mean 1-month postoperative vault was 0.65 ± 0.13 mm and decreased to 0.613 ± 0.10 mm at 1 year postoperatively, with a change of 0.44 mm (P < .003). The preoperative/12-month and 1-month/12-month trabecular-iris angle (TIA), trabecular-iris space area 500 mm from the scleral spur (TISA500), and angle opening distance 500 mm from the scleral spur (AOD500) values were analyzed nasally, temporally, and inferiorly. All differences were statistically significant between preoperative/12-month analysis. The only differences between 1- and 12-month analysis were on TISA500 inferior (P < .002) and AOD500 nasal (0.031) values. CONCLUSIONS: ICL hyperopic toric implantation is a safe method and provides stable refractive outcomes in patients with high hyperopia (up to 10.00 D) and astigmatism (up to 6.00 D).