Thermotropic liquid crystalline 4-(Nonyloxy) benzoic acid: Phase transition temperatures, thermodynamic characterization, and separation of structural isomers


Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol.40, no.11, pp.2724-2734, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11814-023-1508-x
  • Journal Name: Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Chemical Abstracts Core
  • Page Numbers: pp.2724-2734
  • Keywords: 4-(Nonyloxy) Benzoic Acid, Inverse Gas Chromatography, Isomer Separation, Liquid Crystal, Phase Transitions, Thermodynamic Parameters
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The retention behavior of various organic probes on the 4-(Nonyloxy) benzoic acid liquid crystal, which is used as a stationary phase, was investigated using the inverse gas chromatography method at infinite dilution. The thermodynamic parameters including the Flory-Huggins parameter, equation-of-state interaction parameter, the mole fraction activity coefficient, the effective exchange energy parameter, and residual thermodynamic parameters were determined in the temperature range of 423.15-433.15 K by using the retention behavior of the probes on the liquid crystal. It was determined from the thermodynamic parameters that all probes were poor solvents for the liquid crystal. Besides, the results of the 4-(Nonyloxy) benzoic acid liquid crystal was compared with a liquid crystal in the literature, and the effect of the number of alkyl groups on the liquid crystals on the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter and isomer separation was evaluated.