Hyperspectral Image Classification Using Improved Active Deep Learning Framework Including Edge Preserving Filters


Dheyaa Al-Sammarraie Z., Karaca A. C.

Türk Uzaktan Algılama ve CBS Dergisi, vol.5, no.1, pp.54-68, 2024 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Abstract

To extract valuable information from satellite data for applications such as agriculture, geological research, and environmental monitoring, the classification of hyperspectral images is an essential task. Labeling each pixel in this process is time-consuming and requires financial resources. To this end, working with a small number of samples is very important. In order to provide high classification performances with a limited number of samples, this paper aims to enhance the performance with an active learning framework. The framework incorporates dimensionality reduction, an edge-preserving filter, and active learning steps. From this perspective, we investigated different edge-preserving filter methods to analyze the effects on performance. By combining edge-preserving filters with dimensionality reduction, the study presents a unique method that improves classification performance while maintaining image quality and reducing noise. The following five edge-preserving smoothing filters are evaluated: weighted least squares (WLS), Joint-Histogram weighted median filter (Joint WMF), fast global image smoother (FGS), bilateral filter (BF), and static/dynamic (SD). Our experiments demonstrate that compared to the reference research (CNN+AL+MRF), the proposed framework increased overall and average accuracies about 2-5% for Indian Pines, Pavia University, and Salinas datasets.