Integrating feature engineering, genetic algorithm and tree-based machine learning methods to predict the post-accident disability status of construction workers

KOÇ K., Ekmekcioğlu Ö., GÜRGÜN A. P.

Automation in Construction, vol.131, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 131
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.autcon.2021.103896
  • Journal Name: Automation in Construction
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, ICONDA Bibliographic, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Machine learning, Genetic algorithm, Worker disability, Occupational accident, Construction safety, Safety management, Tree-based ensemble models, Artificial intelligence, PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS, DECISION TREE, RANDOM FOREST, OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS, AUTOMATED DETECTION, FALL ACCIDENTS, CLASSIFICATION, PERFORMANCE, SAFETY, OPTIMIZATION
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Elsevier B.V.The construction industry is among the riskiest industries around the world. Hence, the preliminary studies exploring the consequences of occupational accidents have received considerable attention in research society. This study aims to develop a comprehensive framework to predict the post-accident disability status of construction workers. The dataset comprising 47,938 construction accidents recorded in Turkey was subjected to a detailed multi-step feature engineering approach, including data encoding, data scaling, dimension reduction, and data resampling. Predictions were performed through four tree-based ensemble machine learning models: Random Forest, XGBoost, AdaBoost, and Extra Trees, as well as a state-of-the-art optimization method for hyperparameter tuning, Genetic Algorithm (GA). GA-XGBoost presented the highest prediction rate with 0.8292 in terms of accuracy and 0.8120 with respect to AUROC. The findings may aid in predicting construction workers' post-accident disability status, resulting in a safer working environment and productivity planning in construction projects.