Placement effect on the stability of tetrapod armor unit on breakwaters in irregular waves

Çelikoğlu Y. , Engin D.

CHINA OCEAN ENGINEERING, vol.31, no.6, pp.747-753, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13344-017-0085-3
  • Title of Journal : CHINA OCEAN ENGINEERING
  • Page Numbers: pp.747-753


Tetrapod, one of the well-known artificial concrete units, is frequently used as an armor unit on breakwaters. Two layers of tetrapod units are normmaly placed on the breakwaters with different placement methods. In this study, the stability of tetrapod units with two different regularly placement methods are investigated experimentally in irregular waves. Stability coefficients of tetrapod units for both placement methods are obtained. The important characteristic wave parameters of irregular waves causing the same damage ratio as those of the regular waves are also determined. It reveals that the average of one-tenth highest wave heights within the wave train (H (1/10)) causes the similar damage as regular waves.