Determination of lead at trace levels in mussel and sea water samples using vortex assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction-slotted quartz tube-flame atomic absorption spectrometry

ERARPAT S., Özzeybek G., Chormey D. S., BAKIRDERE S.

CHEMOSPHERE, vol.189, pp.180-185, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 189
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.09.072
  • Journal Name: CHEMOSPHERE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.180-185
  • Keywords: Lead, Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction, Slotted quartz tube, Flame atomic absorption spectrometry, Seawater, Biotissues, DELTA-AMINOLEVULINIC-ACID, ONLINE PRECONCENTRATION, VAPOR GENERATION, WASTE-WATER, CADMIUM, COPPER, EXTRACTION, SEAWATER, SCHIZOPHRENIA, PERFORMANCE
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) and slotted quartz tube (SQT) were coupled to flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) to increase the sensitivity of lead. Conditions such as the formation of the lead-dithizone complex, efficiency of the DLLME method and the output of the SQT were systematically optimized to improve the detection limit for the analyte. The conventional FAAS system was improved upon by about 3.0 times with SQT-FAAS, 32 times with DLLME-FAAS and 142 times with DLLME-SQT-FAAS. The method was applicable over a wide linear range (10-500 mu g L-1). The limit of detection (LOD) determined by DLLME-SQT-FAAS for seawater and mussel were 2.7 mu g L-1 and 270 mu g kg(-1), respectively. The percent recoveries obtained for mussel and seawater samples (spiked at 20 and 50 mu g L-1) were 95-96% and 98-110%, respectively. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.