Decolorization of textile wastewater by electrooxidation process using different anode materials: Statistical optimization


Turan N. B. , SARI ERKAN H. , İLHAN F. , ENGİN G.

WATER ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH, vol.94, no.1, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 94 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/wer.1683
  • Journal Name: WATER ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, DIALNET
  • Keywords: decolorization, electrooxidation, RuO2 electrode, textile wastewater, TiO2 electrode, ADVANCED OXIDATION PROCESSES, ELECTRO-FENTON PROCESS, ELECTROCHEMICAL OXIDATION, ELECTROCOAGULATION PROCESS, ORGANIC POLLUTANTS, TREATMENT PLANTS, AQUEOUS-SOLUTION, METHYLENE-BLUE, DEGRADATION, DYES

Abstract

The presence of reactive dyes in textile wastewater is a serious environmental concern due to their associated mutagenic and carcinogenic effects. The present study aims to analyze the effect of different anodic materials on the decolorization of a real textile wastewater effluent. For this purpose, four different anodic materials-TiO2-coated platine, TiO2-coated ruthenium dioxide (RuO2) (viz., RuO2), titanium dioxide (TiO2), and graphite-were connected, respectively, to titanium dioxide (TiO2) used as a cathode electrode. Color and cost optimization studies were performed using the response surface methodology and the Box-Behnken experimental design (BBD). According to ANOVA results, the R2 values for Pt/TiO2, RuO2/TiO2, TiO2/TiO2, and graphite/TiO2 electrode pairs were found to be 97.4%, 93.8%, 92.44%, and 92.2%, respectively, indicating a good compatibility as it is close to one. The results show that color removal efficiencies at the optimal conditions were 86.3%, 90.8%, 91.5%, and 93.6% for Pt/TiO2, graphite/TiO2, TiO2/TiO2, and RuO2/TiO2, respectively. Furthermore, energy consumption cost at the optimum conditions was also evaluated, and the results were as follows: Pt/TiO2 (0.95 euro/m3), graphite/TiO2 (0.74 euro/m3), TiO2/TiO2 (0.31 euro/m3), and RuO2/TiO2 (0.26 euro/m3). Consequently, this research paper shows that all of the tested anodic materials give satisfactory color removal efficiencies higher than 86%. When energy consumption and color removal are considered together, the use of TiO2/TiO2 and RuO2/TiO2 pairs would be preferred. Practitioner Points Anodic contribution was investigated for decolorization of textile wastewater by electrooxidation process. Graphite, TiO2-coated Pt, TiO2-coated RuO2, and TiO2 were used as anode materials. Highest color removal with lowest energy consumption was achieved with TiO2-coated RuO2 anode material (93.6%).