The effect of soil-structure interaction on inelastic displacement ratio of structures

Eser M., Aydemir C.

STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING AND MECHANICS, vol.39, no.5, pp.683-701, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.12989/sem.2011.39.5.683
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.683-701
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, inelastic displacement ratios and ductility demands are investigated for SDOF systems with period range of 0.1-3.0 s. with elastoplastic behavior considering soil structure interaction. Earthquake motions recorded on different site conditions such as rock, stiff soil, soft soil and very soft soil are used in analyses. Soil structure interacting systems are modeled with effective period, effective damping and effective ductility values differing from fixed-base case. For inelastic time history analyses, Newmark method for step by step time integration was adapted in an in-house computer program. Results are compared with those calculated for fixed-base case. A new equation is proposed for inelastic displacement ratio of interacting system ((C) over tilde (R)) as a function of structural period of interacting system ((T) over tilde), strength reduction factor (R) and period lengthening ratio ((T) over tilde /T). The proposed equation for (C) over tilde (R) which takes the soil-structure interaction into account should be useful in estimating the inelastic deformation of existing structures with known lateral strength.