Optimization of the pilot fuel injection and engine load for an algae biodiesel - hydrogen run dual fuel diesel engine using response surface methodology

Mohite A., Bora B. J., Ağbulut Ü., Sharma P., Medhi B. J., Barik D.

Fuel, vol.357, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 357
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.fuel.2023.129841
  • Journal Name: Fuel
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Algae biodiesel, Clean Development Mechanism, Dual fuel technology, Hydrogen, Response Surface Methodology
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


The main objective of the study is to enhance the performance and emissions of hydrogen and biodiesel dual-fuel engines by optimizing injection timing and engine load using response surface methodology. The pilot fuel considered for this study is Algae biodiesel. A mono-cylinder water-cooled diesel engine is tested for three different pilot fuel injection timings (23° BTDC, 26° BTDC, and 29° BTDC) and five different engine loads (20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100%). For a dual fuel operation, a maximum brake thermal efficiency of 28.21% and an 85% replacement of liquid charge was achieved at pilot fuel injection timing of 26° BTDC and 100% load based on the experimental results. For the same setting of injection timing of 26° BTDC, the emissions of CO and HC were significantly reduced by 12.12% and 36.13%, respectively, at the 80% load setting. While response surface optimum was found at 72.81% load and 25.73° BTDC Injection timing. At this optimal operating parameter setting, a significant reduction of CO, HC, and NOx emissions by 20.98%, 29.15%, and 1.91%, respectively, was obtained while maintaining a comparable brake thermal efficiency of 25.06% and a replacement of liquid charge by 72.15%, respectively. Thus, a biodiesel-hydrogen dual-fuel diesel engine is one of the green solutions for power generation.