Performance analysis of rule-based classification and deep learning method for automatic road extraction

Bayramoğlu Z., Uzar A. M.

International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences, vol.8, no.1, 2023 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.26833/ijeg.1062250
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)


The need for accurate and up-to-date spatial data by decision-makers in public and private administrations is increasing gradually. In recent decades, in the management of disasters and smart cities, fast and accurate extraction of roads, especially in emergencies, is quite important in terms of transportation, logistics planning, and route determination. In this study, automatic road extraction analyses were carried out using the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) data set, belonging to the Yildiz Technical University Davutpasa Campus road route. For this purpose, this paper presents a comparison between performance analysis of rule-based classification and U-Net deep learning method for solving automatic road extraction problems. Objects belonging to the road and road network were obtained with the rule-based classification method with overall accuracy of 95%, and with the deep learning method with an overall accuracy of 86%. On the other hand, the performance metrics including accuracy, recall, precision, and F1 score were utilized to evaluate the performance analysis of the two methods. These values were obtained from confusion matrices for 4 target classes consisting of road and road elements namely road, road line, sidewalk, and bicycle road. Finally, integration of classified image objects with ontology was realized. Ontology was developed by defining four target class results obtained as a result of the rule-based classification method, conceptual class definition and properties, rules, and axioms.