The settlements with high natural resources have become the subject of conservation policies to ensure sustainability of these resources. On the other hand they are exposed to anthropogenic pressures due to attractiveness of environmental resources and the needs of growing population. Environmental change has increased especially in coastal areas which provide various ecosystem services owing to many natural resources on a global scale in the last century. Continuing trend of consumption that restricts sustainability also leads to environmental degradation and pollution and increased problems in coastal areas caused by human-induced change. Against this pressure, vulnerability of settlements, the capacity and ability of social, economic, human, institutional, physical and environmental capital to adapt or cope with change is a major problem that needs to be addressed.