Original Perturbation of dispersive optical solitons with Schrodinger-Hirota equation with Kerr law and spatio-temporal dispersion


Ozdemir N., SEÇER A., ÖZIŞIK M., Bayram M.

OPTIK, vol.265, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 265
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijleo.2022.169545
  • Journal Name: OPTIK
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC
  • Keywords: PerturbedSchr?dinger-Hirotaequation, Spatio-temporaldispersion, Kerrlaw, Enhancedmodifiedextendedtanhexpansion, method, Opticalsolitons, NONLINEARITY

Abstract

Objective: The principal purpose of this paper is to examine the perturbed Schrodinger-Hirota equation with the effect of spatio-temporal dispersion and Kerr law nonlinearity which governs the propagation of dispersive pulses in optical fibers by proposing and using a direct algebraic form of the enhanced modified extended tanh expansion method for the first time. Our aim is not only restricted to obtaining different and more soliton solutions by proposed method for the first time in this study, but also includes examining the effect of the coefficients of self-steepening and nonlinear dispersion terms to the soliton propagation in the investigated problem. Methodology: Utilizing a traveling wave transformation, the perturbed Schrodinger-Hirota equation with the effect of spatio-temporal dispersion and Kerr law nonlinearity can be transformed into an nonlinear ordinary differential equation (NODE). Then, the NODE is convert into a set of algebraic equations by taking account into the Riccati differential equation. Solving the set of algebraic equations, we acquire the analytical soliton solutions of the perturbed Schrodinger-Hirota equation with the effect of spatio-temporal dispersion and Kerr law nonlinearity. In the proposed method, the modified extended tanh function method is enhanced by presenting more solutions of Riccati differential equations with the direct algebraic form, is utilized. Results: The more solutions have been established to the literature with new significant physical properties of the perturbed Schrodinger-Hirota equation with the effect of spatio-temporal dispersion and Kerr law nonlinearity. We indicated that the presented method are effective, easily computable, and reliable in solving such nonlinear problems. Moreover, we demonstrate the dynamical behaviors and physical significance of some soliton solutions at appropriate values of parameters. Originality: A variety of soliton solutions to the perturbed Schrodinger-Hirota equation with Kerr law non-linearity by the direct algebraic form of enhanced modified extended tanh expan-sion method have been acquired. These solutions are dark-bright, trigonometric, hyperbolic, periodic, and singular soliton solutions. 3D, contour and 2D plots of some obtained solutions have been demonstrated to interpret the physical meaning of the equation. For some parameter values in the equation, the behavior of soliton solutions has been examined. The constraint conditions are established to confirm the existence of valid solutions. The obtained results can be effective in interpreting the physical meaning of this nonlinear system. We have seen that the proposed direct algebraic form of the enhanced modified extended tanh expansion method is a powerful mathematical technique which can be utilized to acquire the analytical solutions to different complex nonlinear mathematical models.