Evaluation of the performance of the empirical correlations used to predict R134a's boiling frictional pressure drop inside smooth and corrugated tubes


DALKILIÇ A. S. , Cebi A. , Celen A. , AWAD M. M. , WONGWISES S.

INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS IN HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, cilt.81, ss.8-18, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

Özet

Owing to the generalization problem, there aren't sufficient empirical correlations for two-phase flows. So as to investigate the thermal features of the two-phase flow in smooth and enhanced tubes, a suitable procedure of the models and correlations related with the heat transfer coefficients, friction factors and two-phase multipliers are needed because a significant variation in thermal properties happens during phase-change. Comparison of frictional pressure drop of R134a during flow boiling phenomena occurred in a smooth and 5 enhanced tubes with well-known empirical correlations were performed in this study. The apparatus has 0.85 m long double tube for vertical configuration as a test section that includes smooth and corrugated copper tubing having inner diameters of 0.0087 m, and the range of mass fluxes are between 200 and 400 kg m(-2) s(-1). The average vapor qualities vary from 0.14 to 0.86, and saturation pressure interval is between 4.5 and 5.7 bar. The mean boiling heat transfer coefficient of R134a is determined via energy balance in the test section. The estimation performance of 36 empirical correlations in literature proposed for convective boiling flows in smooth and corrugated tubes are evaluated by means of authors' database (350 data points for vertical tubes). Boiling trend lines have been plotted for the change of vapor quality, liquid phase Reynolds numbers with gas phase ones. In addition, the most successful correlations are confirmed their predictabilities for the vertical adjusted evaporator having smooth and corrugated tubes using the database of authors' earlier publications in open sources. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.