Electrochemical-energy- exergy analysis of reversible solid oxide cell-based small-scale stand-alone energy storage system

Agbaje M. A., Akkaya A. V.

Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, vol.52, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.csite.2023.103732
  • Journal Name: Case Studies in Thermal Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: Electrochemical analysis, Energy storage, Exergy, Reversible solid oxide cell, Thermoneutral voltage
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The present renewable energy systems should shift towards more storage-based systems due to their inherent intermittency. This study examines the electrochemical, energy, and exergy performances of a Reversible Solid Oxide Cell (ReSOC) based stand-alone energy storage system “with a pressurized gas tank”. The system operates in the fuel cell mode (SOFC) for power generation and electrolysis cell mode (SOEC) for syngas production. The exergy analysis gives a detailed insight into the irreversibility points in both system operation modes. The ReSOC system model is based on a validated ReSOC stack electrochemical model and system components’ mass-energy balance model. The power extraction level in the ReSOC stack was shown to determine the thermal management required through the electrochemical analysis. The energy analysis resulted in a system roundtrip efficiency of 51 % at the considered operating conditions. In addition, the highest points of exergy loss/destruction are the exhaust air (SOFC: 32 %, SOEC: 34 %), ReSOC stack (SOFC: 25 %, SOEC: 28 %), and pressure regulation valve (SOFC: 11 %, SOEC: 17 %). The results also show that the SOEC mode performed better than the SOFC mode in the energy and exergy analyses. This study may be used as a basis for stand-alone system performance improvement leading to higher efficiency.