Genome-based classification of calidifontibacillus erzurumensis gen. Nov., sp. nov., isolated from a hot spring in turkey, with reclassification of bacillus azotoformans as calidifontibacillus azotoformans comb. nov. and bacillus oryziterrae as calidifontibacillus oryziterrae comb. nov.


International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, vol.70, no.12, pp.6418-6427, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 70 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1099/ijsem.0.004549
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.6418-6427
  • Keywords: Calidifontibacillus erzurumensis, hot spring, new genus, polyphasic taxonomy, thermophilic
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


A novel Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming, motile, aerobic bacterium, designated as P2T, was isolated from a hot spring water sample collected from Ilica-Erzurum, Turkey. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons affiliated strain P2T with the genus Bacillus, and the strain showed the highest sequence identity to Bacillus azo-toformans NBRC 15712T (96.7%). However, the pairwise sequence comparisons of the 16S rRNA genes revealed that strain P2T shared only 94.7 % sequence identity with Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis NCIB 3610T, indicating that strain P2T might not be a member of the genus Bacillus. The digital DNA–DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between strain P2T and B. azotoformans NBRC 15712T were 19.8 and 74.2 %, respectively. The cell-wall peptidoglycan of strain P2T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidyletha-nolamine, an aminophospholipid, five unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified lipids while the predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. The major fatty acids were iso-C15: 0 and iso-C16: 0. The draft genome of strain P2T was composed of 82 contigs and found to be 3.5 Mb with 36.1 mol% G+C content. The results of phylogenomic and phenotypic analyses revealed that strain P2T represents a novel genus in the family Bacillaceae, for which the name Calidifontibacillus erzurumensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Calidifontibacillus erzurumensis is P2T (=CECT 9886T=DSM 107530T=NCCB 100675T). Based on the results of the present study, it is also suggested that Bacillus azotoformans and Bacillus oryziterrae should be transferred to this novel genus as Calidifontibacillus azotoformans comb. nov. and Calidifontibacillus oryziterrae comb. nov., respectively.