Vertical acceleration control using LQG approach for a passenger ship


OCEAN ENGINEERING, vol.241, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 241
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2021.110040
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, Computer & Applied Sciences, Environment Index, ICONDA Bibliographic, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: LQG approach, Vertical accelerations, Cummins' equation, MOTION, STABILIZATION, DESIGN, YACHT
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this paper, vertical motion (heave, roll, and pitch) state estimation and control simulation are performed by using the LQG approach. Cummins' equation is used to represent the mathematical model of 3DOF ship motions. A passenger ship in irregular bow quartering waves at the Froude number of 0.45 is considered during the simulations. Two pairs of foils which are located on the bow side of the passenger ship are used as actuators. First, the results of the uncontrolled simulation case are presented to show the reliability of the mathematical model. Then, all states are estimated by measuring only velocity signals based on LQE design. Finally, the LQG approach is applied to mitigate the vertical motions and accelerations by taking feedbacks from only easymeasurable velocity signals. LQG results are compared with LQR results as well. Results showed that the implemented LQG approach reduced the bow motions and accelerations up to approximately 40%.