In the present study, a novel supercritical hydrogen liquefaction process based on helium cooled hydrogen liquefaction cycles to produce liquid hydrogen is thermodynamically analyzed and assessed. The exergy analysis approach is used to study the exergy destruction rates in each component and the process efficiency. The energy and exergy efficiencies of liquefaction process are found to be 70.12% and 57.13%, respectively. In addition, to investigate the process efficiency more comprehensively to see how it is affected by varying process parameters and operating conditions, some parametric studies are undertaken to examine the impacts of different design variables on the energy efficiency, exergy efficiency and exergy destruction rates of the hydrogen liquefaction process. The results show that the increases in the cycle pressure of hydrogen and helium result in increasing hydrogen liquefaction process exergy efficiency and providing a smaller pinch point temperature difference of catalyst beds related with the heat transfer surface area and more efficiently process. (C) 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.