Fırat Alemdar Z.

Uludağ Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Dergisi, vol.25, no.1, pp.247-268, 2020 (National Refreed University Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.17482/uumfd.670347
  • Journal Name: Uludağ Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.247-268


In this study, the performances of 120 precast factory buildings consisting of five different types in an industrial area in Istanbul, Turkey are examined before and after the applications of retrofit methods through nonlinear time history analyses. The factory buildings were constructed and became operational before the 1999 Kocaeli earthquake. Following the earthquake, they were operationally safe, however, after the evaluation according to the 1998 Turkish Earthquake Code (TEC), most of the connections were found to be inadequate. The buildings were retrofitted by using bolted steel plates in the connection regions and diagonal steel braces in 2005. A detailed finite element model of the connection was developed before and after the retrofit methods and the behavior of the region was implemented in the three-dimensional models of the structures. The buildings were analyzed according to the Turkish Earthquake Code 2007. The number of damaged beams by the TEC-2007 was higher than the rate of damaged beams per the FEMA-356. In three-dimensional performance analysis of buildings, the importance of examination of connection regions and implementing the results to the full building model were emphasized. The performance of the building were increased by reducing the distance between the plane frames in the longitudinal direction and the beam length in the transverse direction.