Evaluation of the environmental noise problems in holiday villages: a case study from Antalya, Turkey

Gürsoy Ö., Akdağ N.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, vol.26, pp.10972-10986, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-019-04541-3
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.10972-10986
  • Keywords: Holiday villages, Noise, Noise mapping, Noise mitigation, Noise barriers, Environmental noise, LANDSCAPE
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Not only the appeal of the sun, natural, and historical beauties but also architectural features and business advantages of the accommodation facilities emerge as important factors in tourism development. Holiday villages differ from other types of accommodation facilities in terms of their functions and services. It is important to provide tourists acceptable levels of comfort in holiday villages offering various functions. One of these comfort conditions is acoustic comfort, which involves noise control. Noise emitted from various indoor and outdoor facilities is the main component impacting acoustic comfort in holiday villages. In this study, a holiday village in Antalya, Turkey with an open area of 120,000m(2) was examined to identify noise exposure conditions of outdoor areas. Pools, restaurants, animation areas, playgrounds, and courts are the main outdoor noise sources in this holiday village. The noise emitted by these sources during daytime (Ld) and evening time (Le) are shown in noise maps. The open areas affected by 65 L-Aeq noise level extend to an area of 55,500 and 21,000 m(2) during Ld and Le, respectively. With the noise barriers around the main noise sources, impacted open areas are reduced by 13% in Ld and 12% in Le. The results of this study clearly reveals the importance of resolving the issue of environmental noise in the most efficient and cost-effective way in terms of settlement and planning, especially in areas with dominant noise sources like holiday villages.