A Numerical Investigation of Induced and Embedded Trench Installations for Large-Diameter Thermoplastic Pipes under High Fill Stresses

Creative Commons License

KILIÇ H., Biçer P., Bozkurt S.

Applied Sciences (Switzerland), vol.13, no.5, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/app13053040
  • Journal Name: Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: thermoplastic pipe, numerical analysis, EPS Geofoam, soil arching, embedded trench, induced trench
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The induced trench installation method is applied by placing material with high compressibility on rigid pipes to reduce the earth pressures acting on them. Although the performance of this method for rigid pipes has been investigated, research on thermoplastic pipes is very limited. In this study, induced trench installation (ITI) and embedded trench installation (ETI) of large-diameter thermoplastic pipes subjected to high fill stresses were investigated by numerical analysis. The numerical model has been verified by considering the field experiments, and a series of analyses were carried out by placing Expanded Polystyrene Foam (EPS Geofoam) in ITI and ETI models. Pipe stresses and deflections were evaluated by considering the pipe diameter, stiffness, and backfill properties. The ITI and ETI models in thermoplastic pipes reduced the stresses acting on the pipes and increased the positive arching regardless of the deflection of the pipe. For pipes with an inner diameter of 0.762 to 1.524 m under 30 m of fill stress, approximately 1.5 to 3.0% deflection occurred. In the ETI model, the horizontal earth pressure in the spring line of the pipe decreased from 65 to 40% depending on the backfill type, and an approximately uniform stress distribution was formed around the pipe.