Microbial fuel cell (MFC)-based biosensor sensing has emerged as an innovative approach to in situ and immediate monitoring of substrate concentration. MFC-biosensor uses bioanode as a sensing element. In this study, the performance of MFC-biosensor, operated with Pb+2, was studied at different hydraulic retention times (HRTs). The HRT ranges were 0.5, 1, and 2 days. The power density generation increased with the decreasing HRT. The highest achievable power density was obtained at HRT of 1 days with the density value of 597 mW/m(2). The power density produced in the MFC system was stored in the energy storage system. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method simulates detailed three-dimensional flow and heat transfer properties in reactors and provides information about potential reactor design. CFD was chosen to simulate the concentration distribution of the substrate in the MFC in different reactor type and different HRTs. It was observed that there was good turbulence in the reactor in a two day HRT and the reactor volume was used effectively. Life cycle assessment (LCA) was performed at 1 day with the highest power density. An LCA was implemented to the production and operation processes of a microbial fuel cell. According to the results, these two processes caused 4.23 x 10(-6) loss of healthy years, extinction of 1.3 x 10(-8) species in a year and loss of $ 0.33 source availability. The emissions to air, water, and soil were also calculated. These results showed that MFC-biosensor provided information on the rate of biodegradation processes.