Optimal Planning of Battery Swapping Stations Incorporating Dynamic Network Reconfiguration Considering Technical Aspects of the Power Grid

Alzaıdı W., İnan A.

APPLIED SCIENCES, vol.14, no.9, pp.1-10, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/app14093795
  • Journal Name: APPLIED SCIENCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-10
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In order to drive electric vehicle adoption and bolster grid stability, the incorporation of battery swapping stations (BSSs) into the power grid is imperative. Conversely, network reconfiguration plays a crucial role in optimizing energy exchange within the power network, ensuring its economical and safe operation. Therefore, this study proposes an optimal planning method for battery swapping stations that integrates dynamic power distribution network reconfiguration while addressing technical aspects of the grid. The proposed method aims to concurrently optimize the placement and capacity of battery swapping stations, along with power distribution network reconfiguration, to enhance grid reliability and efficiency. The optimization model accounts for various factors including power quality, technical considerations, grid limitations, and operational expenses. A multi-objective optimization framework is devised to simultaneously reduce system losses, improve voltage stability, and mitigate environmental impacts of the power distribution network incorporating DG units. Case studies are conducted to illustrate the efficacy of the proposed approach in enhancing overall grid performance while accommodating the integration of battery swapping stations. The findings underscore the significance of considering technical factors and grid reconfiguration in battery swapping station planning to achieve optimal system operation and maximize benefits for electric vehicle users and grid operators alike.