Optical solitons with Kudryashov's sextic power-law nonlinearity


Ozisik M., Çınar M., Secer A., Bayram M.

OPTIK, vol.261, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 261
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijleo.2022.169202
  • Journal Name: OPTIK
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Kudryashov?s sextic power-law nonlinearity, Solitons, Optical fiber, Enhanced modified tanh expansion method, A different version of auxiliary method, SCHRODINGERS EQUATION, CONSERVATION-LAWS, TANH METHOD, KERR

Abstract

Objective - The main objective of this paper is to investigate analytic soliton solutions of a nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLSE), including Kudryashov's sextic power-law nonlinearity by introducing different approaches of two efficient analytical methods. The considered equa-tion has been recently introduced by N. A. Kudryashov to describe pulse propagation in optical fibers. The refractive index in the equation comprises six terms, each of the terms containing a power-law component. Methods - Applying a wave transformation to the considered NLSE and splitting up the real and imaginary parts, the NLSE is converted to the nonlinear ordinary differential equations (NLODEs). Then, the solutions of NLODEs are considered as suggested in the proposed method and suggested solutions that include some unknown parameters are substituted into the NLODE. An algebraic equations system is acquired by collecting the same power of the unknown function and equating all coefficients to zero. The unknown parameters in the system, and so the solutions of the NLSE, are found by solving the system. In the proposed first method, the modified extended tanh method is enhanced by proposing more solutions. The proposed second method, a different version of auxiliary methods, can remarkably reduce calculations to easily get solutions for the NLSEs with higher-order or power-law nonlinearity. Results - The two proposed methods are successfully applied to the considered NLSE and the abundant solutions of the NLSE are attained. Besides, 2D, 3D and contour graphs are demonstrated in figures for the physical illustrations of the gained solutions. Conclusion - Obtaining the solutions of NLSEs with higher-order or power-law nonlinearity has crucial importance but still challenging work. So, we propose different approaches of two efficient analytical methods, namely, enhanced modified extended tanh expansion method and an auxiliary function method. The derived results imply that the used methods are very efficient, reliable and powerful such that they can be easily implemented to many nonlinear NLSEs with higher-orders or higher power-law nonlinearities that describe real-life phenomena.