Adsorption of 4-chlorophenol from aqueous solutions by xad-4 resin: Isotherm, kinetic, and thermodynamic analysis


JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, vol.137, no.1, pp.157-164, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 137 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.01.005
  • Page Numbers: pp.157-164
  • Keywords: adsorption, 4-chlorophenol, XAD-4 resin, isotherm, kinetic, thermodynamic, PHENOLIC-COMPOUNDS, WATER, EQUILIBRIUM, REMOVAL


Removal of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) from synthetic aqueous solutions through adsorption on Amberlite XAD-4 resin, a non-ionic macroreticular resins, underbatch equilibrium experimental conditions at 298, 308 and 318 K was investigated. It is necessary to propose a suitable model to abetter understanding on the mechanism of 4-CP adsorption. For this purpose, Langmiur, Freundlich, Toth, and Redlich-Peterson (RP) isotherm models were compared. The two and three parameters in the adopted adsorption isotherm models were determined by the help of MATLAB package program. It was determined that best fitted adsorption isotherm models were obtained to be in the order: Redlich-Peterson > Langmuir > Toth > Freundlich isotherms. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model provided the best correlation to the experimental results. Results of the intra-particle diffusion model show that the pore diffusion is not the only rate limiting step. The lower correlation of the data to the Bangham's equation also represents that the diffusion of the adsorbate into pores of the sorbent is not the only rate-controlling step. The thermodynamic constants of adsorption phenomena; Delta G(circle), Delta H(circle), and Delta S(circle) were found as -4.17 (at 298 K) kJ/mol, -42.01 kJ/mol, and -0.127 kJ/(mol K), respectively. The results showed that adsorption of 4-CP on Amberlite XAD-4, a nonionic polymeric resin was exothermic and spontaneous. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.