GEOSYNTHETICS INTERNATIONAL, vol.30, no.2, pp.1-20, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)
The effects of induced trench configuration and stiffness of compressible inclusion on the
high-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipe behavior were investigated through full-scale laboratory tests.
Two pipe-compressible inclusion configurations (‘compressible inclusion over the pipe crown’ and ‘the
pipe covered with compressible inclusion’) were tested and expanded polystyrene (EPS) Geofoam with
10 and 15 kg/m3 nominal density was used as compressible inclusion. To simulate geostatic stresses
imposed by high embankment fill, the surcharge stress up to 200 kPa was applied on the surface of the
burial medium. Comprehensive instrumentation was implemented to measure the pipe deflections, soil
stresses on the pipe, and soil settlements in the pipe zone. Considering the pipe behavior and costefficiency together, the configuration in which one EPS geofoam panel with 10 kg/m3 nominal density
is placed over the pipe crown arises as the optimal solution for the induced trench HDPE pipe. This
solution provided a reduction in the vertical stress at the pipe crown of up to of 76% and in the
horizontal stress at the pipe springline of up to 65%. The vertical and horizontal pipe deflections are
reduced by 87% and 60%, respectively, under 200-kPa surcharge stress. – that is, overburden pressure
imposed by a 10-m-high embankment fill.