ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOCIAL SCIENCES, İstanbul, Türkiye, 26 - 27 Ekim 2017, ss.90
In the first half of the 20th century, the rapid industrialization of countries, the increase and the expansion in industrial production, and therefore the increase in urbanization rates, are the indicators of economic progress and development. However, as a negative externality air pollution has risen with the expanding industrialization and urbanization. Thus economic growth and development have ingenerated environmental degradation. Air, water, and noise pollution together with deforestation can be addressed as exemplifications of environmental degradation. This study focuses on air pollution as a sample of the aforementioned challenge. In the study, economic growth has specifically been approached as economic development and its relation with air pollution has been tested by Environmental Kuznets Curve. The relationship between air pollution and health has been examined in the light of anticipated diseases by epidemiological studies, air pollution data, and explanatory variables. In accordance with Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis, the inverted-U relationship has been detected between air pollution variables and GDP. When health effects of air pollution are examined, only the deaths resulting from cardiovascular diseases have presented statistically plausible conclusions. In the archive of the epidemiological studies it is frequently maintained that researches must be increased with the analysis of sounder data in order to comprehend the health effects of air pollution. Throughout this study the data pertaining to OECD countries between the years of 1995 and 2014 have been drawn upon. The connection between economic growth and air pollution and that of air pollution and health have been investigated through two distinct econometric models.