Comparison of voltage source converters and Z-source converters for electric vehicles


EMERGING MATERIALS RESEARCH, vol.10, no.2, pp.168-177, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1680/jemmr.20.00335
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.168-177


Voltage source and current source converters are used in industrial applications as either boost or buck converters for a defined power flow direction. These operational modes limit these converters to be utilized on their own in hybrid and electric vehicle (EV) applications. Z-source (impedance source) converters, on the other hand, have the capability to be operated as buck and boost converters to have a wide range of output levels. The boost ratio of the direct current link voltage of a Z-source converter is set by short-circuiting the phase legs of the converter and defining the overlap duration at each switching period. In order to have the optimum efficiency with the lowest possible total harmonic distortion, a modified space vector pulse width modulation method with an impedance network could be selected for closed-loop control of the quasi-resonant Z-source converter to drive permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs). In this study, closed-loop vector-controlled drive systems built with two-level and three-level boosted voltage source converter topologies and two- and three-level quasi Z-source converters for field-oriented control of a PMSM in EV motor drive applications were compared under constant motor speed-constant load, constant speed-variable load and variable speed-constant load operating conditions.