Investigation of traffic accidents in Şişli district with geographic information systems

Ersen M., BÜYÜKLÜ A. H., Erpolat Taşabat S.

Akıllı Ulaşım Sistemleri ve Uygulamaları Dergisi (Online), vol.6, no.1, pp.31-50, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


Traffic accidents occurring are one of the most important issues that cause loss of life and property of the people. With the increasing population, the number of vehicles increasing in use creates traffic density. For this reason, studies aimed at reducing traffic accidents are of vital importance. In this study, a total of 3833 fatal and injured traffic accidents that occurred between 2010-2017 in Şişli district were analyzed with the help of geographical information systems and Kernel density method. In this study, various maps were created according to the accident type, time zone and the type of vehicles that had the most accident, and the locations of the accidents were examined. It is aimed to help reduce the number of possible accidents by taking necessary precautions in locations that are determined to be risky according to the accident intensities obtained. It has been observed that the accidents intensify differently according to the changing time zones, especially on the streets. In the study, it is also aimed to help the units that make traffic planning by making separator maps of the types of vehicles that have the most accidents on these streets, according to the accident types, days of the week and time zones.