APPLIED SOFT COMPUTING, cilt.83, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
A fuzzy capacitated location routing problem (FCLRP) is solved by using a heuristic method that combines variable neighborhood search (VNS) and evolutionary local search (ELS). Demands of the customer and travel times between customers and depots are considered as fuzzy and deterministic variables, respectively in FCLRP. Heterogeneous and homogeneous fleet sizes are performed together to reach the least multi-objective cost in a case study. The multi-objective cost consists of transportation cost, additional cost, vehicle waiting cost and delay cost. A fuzzy chance constrained programming model is added by using credibility theory. The proposed method reaches the solution by performing four stages. In the first stage, initial solutions are obtained by using a greedy heuristic method, and then VNS heuristic, which consists of seven different neighborhood structures, is performed to improve the solution quality in the second stage. In the third stage, a perturbation procedure is applied to the improved solution using ELS algorithm, and then VNS heuristic is applied again in the last stage. The combination of VNS and ELS is called VNSxELS algorithm and applied to a case study, which has fifty-seven customers and five distributing points, effectively in a reasonable time. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.