9.11 - Environmental Issues and Social Issues With Renewable Energy

Baykara Z. S., Figen H. E., Karaismailoğlu M.

in: Comprehensive Renewable Energy, Second Edition, Trevor Letcher, Editor, Elsevier Science, Oxford/Amsterdam , Amsterdam, pp.152-164, 2022

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science, Oxford/Amsterdam 
  • City: Amsterdam
  • Page Numbers: pp.152-164
  • Editors: Trevor Letcher, Editor
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A brief account of possible environmental and social impacts of mature renewable energy technologies is presented in terms of benefits and disadvantages/intrusive effects, keeping in perspective the greater environmental impact of the present fossil-based energy system and the potential further impact of climate change.

The technologies covered include solar energy (thermal and photovoltaic) and its derivatives (bioenergy, hydropower, wind and wave energies) and the others (tidal energy and geothermal energy). They are mostly considered from the point of view of electricity generation in anticipation of transmission opportunity via grid connections, producing a “mix,” and powering the existing stock of electrical appliances, machinery, and transportation vehicles.