Centrality and connectivity analysis of the European airports: a weighted complex network approach

Ersöz C., KARAMAN F.

Transportation Planning and Technology, vol.46, no.2, pp.200-223, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/03081060.2023.2166509
  • Journal Name: Transportation Planning and Technology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Geobase, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.200-223
  • Keywords: European airport network, complex network, community detection, weighted betweenness
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.This study aims to reveal the structure of the European Airport Network (EAN) using concepts from complex network theory by utilising 2019 passenger data collected from Eurostat. Initially, the EAN was explored by computing connectivity and centrality measures and their correlations. The community structure of the EAN was also examined by modularity maximisation using the relatively new Leiden algorithm. When the network was compared with simulated models, it was observed that the EAN had small-world and scale-free properties. To measure the hub performance of the airports, their binary betweenness centrality was compared with a weighted betweenness measure employing the ratio of geographical distance to passenger traffic between the nodes. A significant difference was observed between the two centrality measures.