Investigation effects of inulin degree of polymerization on compound chocolate quality


Goktas H., KONAR N., SAĞDIÇ O. , TOKER Ö. S.

JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION, vol.45, no.11, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jfpp.15766
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION

Abstract

This is the first study in which the effect of degree of polymerization (DP) (<10 and >= 23) of inulin (6.00, 9.00, and 12.0/100 g) on main quality parameters (color, texture, water activity, sensory properties, and melting behavior) of compound chocolate's (CC) was investigated. According to the determined L* values, using inulin (12/100 g) with high DP resulted in more glossy samples (p < .05). Except increment h value, the melting parameters of CC were not affected. However, the hardness of samples (391.9-587.1 g) was determined in a wide range. The CC samples including inulin with higher DP had higher a(w) values (p < .05). According to the results of sensory analysis, using low DP inulin (<12/100 g) has advantages when compared with higher DP inulin-containing samples. As a result, DP is an important parameter for developing chocolate enriched with inulin as a fiber source, prebiotic, and/or bulking agents. Novelty Impact Statement This is the first study in which the effects of inulin degree of polymerization (DP) and concentrations (6.00, 9.00, and 12.0/100 g) on the main quality parameters of compound chocolate were investigated. The effect of (DP) (<10 and >= 23) of inulin on the main quality parameters of compound chocolate samples as color, texture, water activity, melting behavior, and sensory properties was determined.