Valorization of Urtica dioica roots as a highly-effective and eco-friendly biosorbent for adsorptive removal of hazardous textile dyes


Materials Science and Engineering: B, vol.293, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 293
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.mseb.2023.116451
  • Journal Name: Materials Science and Engineering: B
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Biosorption, Congo Red, Safranine O, Statistical analysis, Urtica dioica roots
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, Urtica dioica roots were used in the biosorption of CR and SO dyes for the first time. FTIR-ATR, SEM, and BET were applied to characterize the biosorbent. The isotherm, kinetic, thermodynamic, and error analyses were investigated. Langmuir isotherm was found to be the most feasible for biosorption according to the highest r2. The qm for CR and SO dyes were calculated from the Langmuir model as 417 and 625 mg/g at 25 °C, respectively. It was found that the removal of CR and SO followed the PSO model. Besides, it was determined that the biosorption process from the IPD occurred in three stages. Negative values of ΔGo and ΔHo confirmed that the biosorption was spontaneous and exothermic. All results illustrated that biosorbent can be used as an eco-friendly, low-cost, and reusable biosorbent in the scope of zero waste in the removal of different textile dyes from wastewater.