Natural and artificial radioactivity levels and external radiation dose levels of sand samples collected from Lara Beach, Antalya, Türkiye

Taşköprü C., Özden S., GÜNAY O., Aközcan Pehlivanoğlu S., Saç M., İçhedef M.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10967-024-09608-1
  • Journal Name: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Analytical Abstracts, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Beach sand, Dose estimations, Environmental radioactivity, Gamma ray spectrometry, HPGe detector
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This paper represents beach sand samples' natural and anthropogenic radionuclide concentrations and calculated external radiation dose levels. The radioactivity concentrations of eU (226Ra), eTh (232Th), 40K, and 137Cs were measured by gamma spectrometry using an HPGe detector. The activity concentrations ranged from 1.8 to 27.7 Bq kg−1, 5.7 to 19.5 Bq kg−1, 49.8 to 457.9 Bq kg−1, and 0.2 to 5.6 Bq kg−1 for eU, eTh, 40K and 137Cs, respectively. The radiological hazard parameters were compared to the international reference values. The results show that all data obtained are below the world average, meaning the radiation hazard is insignificant.