The biocatalytic asymmetric reduction of prochiral ketones is a significant transformation in organic chemistry as chiral carbinols are biologically active molecules and may be used as precursors of many drugs. In this study, the bioreduction of 1-(benzo [d] [1,3] dioxol-5-yl) ethanone for the production of enantiomerically pure (S)-1-(1,3-benzodioxal-5-yl) ethanol was investigated using freeze-dried whole-cell of Lactobacillus fermentum P1 and the reduction conditions was optimized with a D-optimal experimental design-based optimization methodology. This is the first study using this optimization methodology in a biocatalytic asymmetric reduction. Using D-optimal experimental design-based optimization, optimum reaction conditions were predicted as pH 6.20, temperature 30 degrees C, incubation time 30 h, and agitation speed 193 rpm. For these operating conditions, it was estimated that the product could be obtained with 94% enantiomeric excess (ee) and 95% conversion rate (cr). Besides, the actual ee and cr were found to be 99% tested under optimized reaction conditions. These findings demonstrated that L. fermentum P1 as an effective biocatalyst to obtain (S)-1-(1,3-benzodioxal-5-yl) ethanol and with the D-optimal experimental design-based optimization, this product could be obtained with the 99% ee and 99% cr. Finally, the proposed mathematical optimization technique showed the applicability of the obtained results for asymmetric reduction reactions.