Egypt’s Arab Fall: Understanding the Organization and Policies of the Muslim Brotherhood

Erdoğan A.

Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches, vol.9, no.3, pp.2154-2178, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.15869/itobiad.681221
  • Journal Name: Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches
  • Journal Indexes: ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Index Islamicus, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.2154-2178
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


he Muslim Brotherhood witnessed an unexpected political power with its electoral victory in legislative and presidential elections soon after the fall of Mubarak in Egypt. Although the Brotherhood enjoyed high popular support, to a great extent, thanks to its charity activities and social services, soon after Morsi took office, this popular support began to diminish dramatically. On the first anniversary of Morsi’s inauguration as president, millions of Egyptians took to the streets to protest against his administration. Massive street protests ended up with a military coup that eliminated the prospects for Egypt’s transition to democracy. This article investigates how the Brotherhood’s policies vis a vis the deep state in Egypt made the organization vulnerable in the awake of street protests in 2013. First, the article makes a brief overview of the historical evolution of the Muslim Brotherhood and then, it explores critical decisions taken by the Muslim Brotherhood leadership during Egypt’s transition and their implications. Finally, it examines the organization’s policies in the aftermath of the coup.