Gasification of leather residues - Part II. Conversion into combustible gases and the effects of some operational parameters


Midilli A. , Dogru M., Akay G., Howarth C.

ENERGY SOURCES, vol.26, no.1, pp.45-53, 2004 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00908310490251855
  • Journal Name: ENERGY SOURCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.45-53
  • Keywords: leather waste, downdraft gasification, combustible gas, air fuel ratio, specific gasification rate, SEWAGE-SLUDGE
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No

Abstract

The main aim of this article is to investigate the conversion of leather residues into combustible gases by using a downdraft gasification technique. Second, the effects of leather residues on the operation of the throated-downdraft gasifier are explored. It was deduced that the percentage of the combustible gases, including around 11% of H-2, 20% of CO, and 2% of CxHx, varied between approximately 29% and 33% of the total produced wet gas. Moreover, the great amount of hydrocarbons was produced at almost 0.20 kgH(2)/kgC of the ratio of H-o/C-o. The most productive region for the gasification would be selected between 486.39 and 584.36 Nm(3)/m(2)h of the specific gasification rate (SGR). The optimum efficiency of cold gas was calculated as 46.50%, around 486.39 Nm(3)/m(2)h of the SGR. The overall results give a positive indication of the suitability of leather waste for both heat production and power generation using a downdraft type of gasification system.