Golden Horn is an estuary in Istanbul. It has connection with Marmara Sea directly and with Black Sea via Bosphorus, and was polluted by different kinds of industrial plants up to 1999. In addition to this, municipal wastewater of around one million people has been discharged to here. Greater part of the estuary was almost blocked off by sediment islands. Extensive effort was spent to dredge sediment in 1999. This created quite a convenient condition for aquatic medium in the estuary.