Durability properties of steel, polyamide, and polyethylene fiber-reinforced geopolymer mortar made with recycled concrete aggregate and glass powder as fillers

Nazır K., Canpolat O., Uysal M.

JOURNAL OF BUILDING ENGINEERING, vol.76, pp.1-15, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 76
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jobe.2023.107313
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-15
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This research produced steel, polyamide, and polyethylene fiber-reinforced metakaolin-red mud-based geopolymer mortar with recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) and waste glass powder (GP) as fillers. To study the durability behavior, a series of experiments were conducted to investigate the resistance of manufactured geopolymer mortar against high temperatures (300 °C, 600 °C, and 900 °C), freeze-thaw (180 cycles), and sulfate attacks (10% sodium sulfate and 10% magnesium sulfate solution). According to the findings, using GP as a filler material by replacing RCA 50% produced the best strength results. Moreover, adding fibers to the mixture showed significant improvement in durability properties. Steel fiber-reinforced mixtures showed better resistance against high temperatures and freeze-thaw cycles than the rest of the series. Steel fibers improved the flexural strength to 15.58% at 300 °C, 19.26% at 600 °C, and 42.94% at 900 °C compared to the control mixture. Against sulfate attack, fiber-reinforced mixtures behaved better than non-fibrous control mixtures. Weight loss was observed after high-temperature exposure, while the increased weight of samples was observed after exposure to freeze-thaw cycles and sulfate attack. SEM analysis observed a weak interfacial transition zone between the matrix and the fibers.