The Changes in Ottoman Ceremonial Protocols Affected by Architectural Sightseeings During Prince Edward VII's Visits to Istanbul Between 1862 and 1867


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Belviranli S., Kara Pilehvarian N.

MEGARON, vol.13, no.4, pp.608-622, 2018 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.5505/megaron.2018.98852
  • Title of Journal : MEGARON
  • Page Numbers: pp.608-622

Abstract

Istanbul hosted many royal guests such as emperor, empress, prince and princess during the reign of Abdulaziz Han when the relationship between Ottoman State and European countries took yet another turn. These visits brought a chance to endorse the strength of Ottoman rule and image over Europe. The Ottoman Empire attempted to leave a powerful impression over the royal guests through the newly implemented hosting protocols like its powerful contemporaries and visits to the key architectures reflecting the power and the deep roots of the empire. It's been understood from the documents at the time that there were some modifications in the way of hosting protocols before and after Abdulaziz's visit to Europe. The first considerable change is the addition of Naum theatre to the protocol after Sultan's numerous opera halls and theatre visits in Europe. The second change is the selection of the location for Friday Ceremony observation, which was shifted from Tophane Kiosk where Prince visited in his first trip to Dolmabahce Palace, which has contemporary technology and decoration. On the other hand, large military buildings and the kiosks built according to the modern architectural trends were kept and they were visible in the protocol during both visits. In this paper, we investigate British Prince Edward's visits to Istanbul in the light of the related news in Ottoman and British press, the diaries written by Prince Edward himself as well as William Howard Russel and Ottoman archives. It has been attempted to present how Ottoman State wanted to see and show itself amongst the leading countries shaping architectural trends of its era in the second half of the 19th century through the architectural structures chosen in this visits in this study.