Revisiting FDI-led growth hypothesis: the role of sector characteristics


GÖNEL F. , AKSOY T.

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE & ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, vol.25, no.8, pp.1144-1166, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/09638199.2016.1195431
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE & ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
  • Page Numbers: pp.1144-1166
  • Keywords: Foreign direct investment, absorptive capacity, economic growth, FOREIGN DIRECT-INVESTMENT, ECONOMIC-GROWTH, DOMESTIC FIRMS, PANEL-DATA, TECHNOLOGY-TRANSFER, SPILLOVERS, PRODUCTIVITY, DETERMINANTS, DIFFUSION, BENEFIT

Abstract

Does foreign direct investment (FDI) lead to higher growth? What type of FDI really works? In this paper, we disaggregate FDIs based on their technological characteristics and investigate which kind of FDI leads to output growth. The results for the sample of OECD countries during the period 1985–2012 indicate that FDI inflows to Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) using and producing manufacturing and service sectors (ICT-based), non-ICT using and producing manufacturing and service sectors (non-ICT-based) and other sectors (non-ICT-other) play no role in contributing to economic growth. However, we provide evidence that absorptive capacities of host countries work through ICT-based FDI inflows. Only if the host countries have sufficient level of human capital, financial resources and technological infrastructure, ICT-based FDI will foster economic growth. The results are robust to controlling missing values, studying the subsample of emerging market economies and consideration of endogeneity.

Does foreign direct investment (FDI) lead to higher growth? What type of FDI really works? In this paper, we disaggregate FDIs based on their technological characteristics and investigate which kind of FDI leads to output growth. The results for the sample of OECD countries during the period 1985-2012 indicate that FDI inflows to Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) using and producing manufacturing and service sectors (ICT-based), non-ICT using and producing manufacturing and service sectors (non-ICT-based) and other sectors (non-ICT-other) play no role in contributing to economic growth. However, we provide evidence that absorptive capacities of host countries work through ICT-based FDI inflows. Only if the host countries have sufficient level of human capital, financial resources and technological infrastructure, ICT-based FDI will foster economic growth. The results are robust to controlling missing values, studying the subsample of emerging market economies and consideration of endogeneity.