HOW 5TH GRADE STUDENTS SEE THE UNIVERSE


Coştu B. , Çetinkaya N.

The Twelfth International Congress of Educational Research, Rize, Turkey, 25 - 28 April 2019, pp.184-185

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Rize
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.184-185

Abstract

The main points of this article are that in size of the Sun, Earth and Moon and their position relatively and most importantly the shape of the Earth concepts in the students’ mind.In this research there are three problem that needs to be answered which are how the 5th grade students define the size and shape of the Sun, the Earth and the Moon and their position relatively to each other, what misconception the students have in terms of the size and shape of the Sun, the Earth and the Moon and their position relatively to each other and how the 5th grade students image the size and shape of the Sun, the Earth and the Moon and their position relatively to each other as three-dimensionally. In method there two section one of them is forced question questionnaire and interview among the students who participate questionnaireWhen we look at the results, the terms are mixed. There is still misconception about the shape of the earth. Moreover, the most misconception are encountered in the position of sun, earth and moon. The students have trouble to understand the fact when is not compatible with their daily experiences. In methodology, forced-open question had been asked which was adapted by Vosniadou, Skopeliti and Ikospentaki (2004) for the shape of the Earth. Then similar question has been added which was about the position of Sun, Earth and Moon by relatively. The students draw picture related to the both the shape of the earth and the position of sun, earth and moon relatively with each other. Convenient participant has been chosen which I was their teacher in their science course. Two classrooms had been placed which was mostly consist of 40 students in each classroom. Although, the visual imagine from internet, tv or documentary provide tremendous clue of the space, some of the people cannot build bridges between what they assume and what they learnt. Astronomy is one of the subjects where children meet great difficulties because of the inconsistencies between what is experienced and what is taught (Kikas, 2006). Cognitive theory concentrates on the conceptualization of students’ learning processes. It focuses on the exploration of the way information is received, organized, retained and used by the brain.” (Thompson et al, 1996. P 11). In the research, 13 students among the students who wrote earth has a shape of sphere wrote the earth also has a shape of the ball. Besides, 9 students among the students who wrote earth has a shape of round wrote the earth also has a shape of the ball. That seems that the ball shape is more related to each other in sphere shape, moreover the research show that the percentage of the number of the students who wrote round, and ball together is nearly same the number of the students who wrote sphere and ball together. Sphere, round and ball have probably meaning equal thing in the mind of the students