Applying the Hierarchical Gray Relational Clustering Method to Municipal Water Use in Turkey

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Güneş M. Ş., Parim C., Yıldız D., Büyüklü A. H.

TEKNIK DERGI, vol.33, no.2, pp.11847-11855, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.18400/tekderg.771613
  • Journal Name: TEKNIK DERGI
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.11847-11855
  • Keywords: Climate change, municipal water use, water management, sustainability, CONSUMPTION
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study aims to compare the municipal water distribution performance and classify the municipal water distribution systems in the provinces of Turkey using the Gray Relational Hierarchical clustering method for both 2006 and 2016. A correlation analysis was used to determine the variables affecting the distributed water. The Hierarchical gray clusters and the changes during the decade are presented with spatial distribution maps using statistically significant variables. Consequently, the findings reveal that the municipalities of Istanbul, Izmir, Bursa, Gaziantep, and Kocaeli managed water distribution effectively, whereas the municipalities of Konya, Sanliurfa, Diyarbakir, Samsun, Trabzon, and Sakarya managed it poorly.